Cruelty and violence were also a trait of the Tudors. Henry VIII’s habit of solving marital problems with the help of the executioner’s axe has passed into national folklore.
His daughter Mary was worthy of him. During her five-year reign from’, 1553-58 she earned herself the grim nickname of “Bloody Mary” with her brutal persecution of Protestant ecclesiastics. Oxford saw the burnings at the stake- of leading Reformation churchmen such as Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley.
The Civil War and the beheading of King Charles I in 1649 reduced forever the capacity of royalty to behave in such autocratic fashion, more about historical France – cheking compare lyon hotels website. But George I, who inaugurated the glorious Georgian age, had been brought up in the old ways. When the king arrived from Hanover in 1714, he was not accompanied by his queen, whom he had imprisoned on account of her indiscretion with a Swedish cavalry officer.
Sophia Dorothea of Celle was to spend over 30 years — the res of her natural life -in captivity, cruell deprived of any contact with her ch ldren. Worse had befallen her lover, so h was rumoured: he mysteriously “disappeared,” presumed murdered at George s orders, after the affair was discovered.
With this not abl exception, royal misdemeanours sine the Tudors have tended to do with dub ous moral standards rather than bloody deeds. Charles II turned infidelity into an art form with a string of mistresses from Lady Castle-maine to Nell Gw nn, and had nine bastard offspring, bu i his childless queen, Catherine of Braga a, appears to have reconciled herself to is roving eye.
George IV co bined gluttony, drunkenness and p ilandering to spec-tacular effect but fail d to endear himself to his people, more for royal family. The xtravaganza of the Royal Pavilion at righton reflects his self-indulgent way , and his physical excesses took a hea toll on his health and appearance.
Although crippl d by gout, he still managed when vi ally on his deathbed to put away a hea y breakfast of two pigeons and three beefsteaks washed down with a bottle o Moselle and glasses of champagne, port d brandy.. One day at Windsor, for more check the best Europe Cities website, in 1827 he hideously bloated king took his niece, Victoria, on his knee and kissed her.
Elevated tone to the royal household. But even such excellent parental role models as she and Albert could not prevent their first son, the future Edward VII, going the same way as Charles II and George IV with his taste for heavy drinking, fast horses and loose women of the lower order.
While the moral of this tale is that royals have never been exempt from the failings that afflict the rest of humanity, it is of interest to note advances in respect of the right of the common folk to voice criticism.
John Stubbe of Norfolk had his right hand chopped off in 1579 for his pamphlet opposing a mooted match between “Good Queen Bess” and the brother of the French king, Henry III; and the caricaturist James Gillray was arrested in 1796 for his satirical portrayal of the Prince of Wales.
Things have progressed considerably since then. These days the defiant royal motto honi soit qui mal y pense (evil be to him who evil thinks) affords scant protection from public censure.